Alaskan King Crab Market Price

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An NMFS Alaskan fisheries observer holding a red king crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus) Alaskan king crab fishing is carried out during the fall months in the waters off the coast of Alaska and the Aleutian Islands. The commercial harvest is performed during a very short season, and the catch is shipped worldwide. Large numbers of king crab are also caught in Russian and international waters.

In 1980, at the peak of the king crab industry, Alaskan fisheries produced up to 200,000,000 pounds (91,000,000 kg) of crab. However, by 1983, the total size of the catch had dropped by up to 90% in some places.[1] Several theories for the precipitous drop in the crab population have been proposed, including overfishing, warmer waters, and increased fish predation.[2] As a result the current season is very short and in the 2010 season only 24,000,000 pounds (11,000,000 kg) of red king crab were landed.

[3] Alaskan crab fishing is very dangerous, and the fatality rate among the fishermen is about 80 times the fatality rate of the average worker. It is suggested that, on average, one crab fisherman dies weekly during the seasons.[4] Types of commercially valuable king crab In Alaska, three species of king crab are caught commercially: the red king crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus, found in Bristol Bay, Norton Sound, and the Kodiak Archipelago), blue king crab (Paralithodes platypus, St.

Matthew Island and the Pribilof Islands), and golden king crab (Lithodes aequispinus, Aleutian Islands). The red king crab is the most prized of the three for its meat. A fourth variety of king crab, the scarlet king crab (Lithodes couesi), is too small and rare to be commercially viable, even though its meat is considered sweet and tasty.[5] Specific size requirements must be met: only certain types of king crab are legal at different times of the year and only males can be kept.

Fishing season The most popular crab-fishing months occur between October and January. The allocated time for a season continued to shrink – at one point a red crab season was only four days long. After 2005, each boat was given a quota based on their catch from previous years and how many crabs are available to catch. The fleet went from 251 boats down to 89. Currently the seasons last from two to four weeks.

[2][6] Rationalization: derby vs. quota After the 2005 season, the Alaskan crab industry transitioned from a derby-style season to a quota system. This transition is known as rationalization. Under the old derby style, a large number of crews competed with each other to catch crab during a restrictive time window. Under the new Individual Fishing Quota (IFQ) system, established owners have been given quotas which they can fill at a more relaxed pace.

In theory, it is intended to be safer, which was the main rationale for the change in the fishing rules. The transition to the quota system was also expected to increase the value of crab, by limiting the market of available crab. An influx of foreign crab negated some of these gains during the 2006 season.[7] The rationalization process put many crews out of work as the owners of many small boats found their assigned quotas too small to meet operating expenses; during the first season run under the IFQ system, the fleet shrank from over 250 boats to around 89 mostly larger boats with high quotas.

[8] Equipment and process Commercial fishing boats are between 12 to 75 m (39 to 246 ft) in length, are equipped with hydraulic systems to lift the catch, and are able to withstand the freezing weather of the Bering Sea.[2] Each fishing boat sets its own sailing schedule during the crabbing season, often staying out for days or weeks at a time. Fishermen use a box-shaped trap called a pot which consists of a steel frame covered with a nylon mesh.

Each pot weighs 600–800 lb (270–360 kg) and a ship may carry 150 to 300 pots.[6] Fish, usually herring or codfish, are placed inside as bait and then the pot is sunk to the sea floor where the king crab reside. The pots are dropped in a straight line (known as a "string") for easier retrieval. Red and blue king crabs can be found anywhere between the intertidal zone and a depth of 100 fathoms (600 ft; 180 m).

Golden king crabs live in depths between 100 and 400 fathoms (180–720 m, 600–2400 ft). The location of the pot is marked on the surface by a buoy which is later used for retrieval. After allowing the pots to rest on the sea floor (typically one to two days for red and blue king crabs, longer for golden king crabs), the pots are dragged back to the surface using a hydraulic winch with a pulley on the end called a "block.

"[2] The pot is then brought on board the boat and the crew sorts the king crab. Any crab not meeting the regulation requirements are thrown back. The crabs are stored live in a holding tank until the boat reaches shore, where they are sold. If the weather becomes too cold the live crabs may freeze and burst. If they are left in the tank for too long they will harm and possibly kill each other as they can be cannibalistic.

[6] Even the rocking of the boat can cause damage to the crab, so boards are inserted in the holds to prevent excessive side-to-side movement. If a crab dies in the hold for any reason it releases toxins which can kill other crabs. If the crew fails to remove the dead crabs, they can poison the entire tank and ruin the catch. Deckhands are paid a percentage of the profits after the owner's share is taken into account.

This can range from nothing to tens of thousands of dollars, depending on the size of the harvest. The so-called 'greenhorns' (deckhands in their first season of fishing) are paid a fixed sum of money. Danger Further information: Occupational safety and health by industry Statistically, Alaskan crab fishing remains one of the most dangerous jobs in the United States.[4] In 2006, the Bureau of Labor Statistics ranked commercial fishing as the job occupation with the highest fatality rate with 141.

7 per 100,000, almost 75 percent higher than the rate for pilots, flight engineers and loggers, the next most hazardous occupations.[9] However, Alaskan crab fishing specifically is even more dangerous with over 300 fatalities per 100,000.[10] Over 80% of these deaths are caused by drowning or hypothermia.[11] The fishermen are also susceptible to crippling injuries caused by working with heavy machinery and gear.

[12] Population decline In 1980, at the peak of the king crab industry, Alaskan fisheries produced 200 million pounds of crab. However, by 1983 the total size of the catch had dropped to less than 10% of this size.[13] Several theories for the precipitous drop in the crab population have been proposed including overfishing, warmer waters, and increased fish predation. The slow harvest forced many fishermen to diversify and catch snow crabs (such as bairdi (tanner) crab and snow crab) or cod.

In recent years strict regulations have been enforced in order to responsibly manage the populations and allow them to rebound. The red and blue king crab population has stayed relatively low in almost all areas except Southeast Alaska since 1983, forcing many fishermen to concentrate on the golden king crab.[2] Foreign fisheries King crab caught outside the United States is currently on the list of seafood that sustainability-minded consumers should avoid; the Monterey Bay Aquarium's Seafood Watch Program lists king crab caught in the United States as a "good alternative.

"[14] The influx of crab from Russian fisheries has also created economic problems for U.S. crabbers. The amount of crab imported from Russia has increased from around 21 million pounds (9.5 million kg) in 2004 to 37.5 million pounds (17 million kg) in 2005 to more than 56 million pounds (25.45 million kg) in 2007.[7] Much of this foreign crab is reportedly caught and imported illegally and has led to a steady decline in the price of crab from $3.

55 per pound in 2003 to $3.21 in 2004, $2.74 in 2005 and $2.30 in 2007 for Aleutian golden king crab, and $5.15 per pound in 2003 to $4.70 in 2004 to $4.52 in 2005 and $4.24 in 2007 for Bristol Bay red king crab.[7] In the media Deadliest Catch is a documentary series aired by the Discovery Channel beginning in 2005. The show highlights the dangers of king crab fishing: freezing temperatures, turbulent seas, the pots that must be dragged up can weigh well over a ton when full, and, since the season is short – both because of regulations and the weather – fishermen often spend days at a time in very rough seas working long hours with little sleep.

[6] References ^ Commercial Fisheries from Alaska Department of Fish and Game ^ a b c d e S. Forrest Blau (1997). "Alaska King Crabs: Wildlife Notebook Series". Alaska Department of Fish and Game. ^ "National Marine Fisheries Landing Data". 2012. ^ a b Christie, Les: America’s most dangerous jobs, Retrieved on April 28, 2007 ^ "King Crab 101". 2000. ^ a b c d "Discovery Channel's Deadliest Catch".

2006. ^ a b c Ess, Charlie. "Flood of Russian kings negates price gains expected with rationalization". National Fisherman. Retrieved 2008-07-30. ^ Carroll, Amy (December 2005). "Alaska's Crab Fishery: Big Money Days are Gone". Alaska Fish and Wildlife News. Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Division of Wildlife Conservation. Retrieved 2007-06-06. ^ "National Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries 2006" (PDF).

Bureau of Labor Statistics. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-30. ^ "Fatalities in the commercial fishing industry in Alaska". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Archived from the original on 2007-10-17. Retrieved 2007-04-28. ^ "Crab-Fishing 101". Discovery.com. Archived from the original on 9 May 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-28. ^ "Dangerous Jobs". Menatrisk.

org. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-04-28. ^ "Commercial Fisheries, Alaska Department of Fish and Game". Retrieved 2012-05-29. ^ "Monterey Bay Aquarium: Seafood Watch Program - All Seafood List". Monterey Bay Aquarium. Archived from the original on 2010-07-05. Retrieved 2008-04-17. External links Norton Sound winter red king crab studies, 2006 / by Joyce Soong. Hosted by the Alaska State Publications Program.

The 2006 triennial Aleutian Islands golden king crab survey / by Leslie J. Watson. Hosted by the Alaska State Publications Program. Norwegian-Americans in the King Crab Fishery / by Øyvind Malmin. Hosted by the Bergen Open Research Archive. / Pots of Gold; The Profit and the Sorrow / History of the Alaska King Crab Fishery / by John Sabella. v t e Fishing industry by region By country Angola Australia Bangladesh Brunei Benin Canada Chad Chile China Denmark England Ethiopia Ghana Greenland Guernsey Hong Kong India Israel Japan South Korea Laos Maldives Morocco New Zealand Pakistan Palau Portugal Russia Scotland Senegal Turkmenistan Uganda United States Vanuatu Fishing banks Agulhas Bank Dogger Bank Flemish Cap Georges Bank Grand Banks Hawkins Bank Macclesfield Bank Nazareth Bank Princess Alice Bank Saya de Malha Bank Soudan Banks By species Alaskan king crabs Alaskan salmon Peruvian anchoveta Other areas Alaska Chatham Rise North Sea v t e Fisheries and fishing topic areas Fisheries Aquaculture Diversity of fish Fish diseases and parasites Fish farming Fisheries management Fisheries science Individual fishing quota Sustainable fishery Wild fisheries Fishing Artisanal fishing Fisherman Fishing vessel History of fishing Industry List of harvested aquatic animals by weight By country Commercial fishing Marketing Markets Processing Products Seafood Recreation Angling Big-game fishing Catch and release Fishing tournaments Fly fishing Techniques Fish trap Fishfinder Fishing net Gathering seafood by hand Handline fishing Spearfishing Trawling Tackle Artificial flies Bait Bite indicators Hook Line Lures Rod Sinker Locations Fish ponds Fishing banks Fishing villages Marine habitats Glossary Index Outline Fishing portal Category Retrieved from "https://en.

wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alaskan_king_crab_fishing&oldid=806916301"

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Alaskan Seafood: Alaskan King Crab Legs Alaskan King Crab JUMBO Alaskan Red King Crab Legs - 10 lb. Crab Feast - Free FedEx Delivery! Holiday Special - Now just $399.99! Limited time only! Stock up on 10 lbs. of this unique Alaskan delicacy! When you order our JUMBO Feast you'll buy king crab at our very best price. Bristol Bay crab are celebrated for their gigantic legs and claws filled with tender, luscious white meat.

Captain Jack's Seafood Locker sells only the highest quality crab, insuring that you will savor every last bite. These JUMBO king crab legs and claws weigh approx. 2/3 to 1 pound each! FedEx Priority shipping included. Additional fees apply for Hawaii locations. King Crab Nutrition Info Price $399.99 List Price: $499.99 You Save: $100.00 (20%) King Crab Legs Jumbo Alaskan Red King Crab Legs - 5 lb.

Crab Pack - with FedEx Delivery! Holiday Special - Now just $245.00! Limited time only! Buy Jumbo Red King Crab at an amazing price when you order our 5 lb. king crab gift box. These wild Bristol Bay Red King Crab legs & claws are filled with sweet, tender white meat. You'll be amazed by the quality and savor every bite of this seafood delicacy. These JUMBO legs are the same as our King Crab for sale by the pound and weigh approx 2/3 to 1 pound each! FedEx Priority shipping included.

Additional delivery charges for Hawaii locations. Price $245.00 List Price: $299.99 You Save: $54.99 (18%) Alaskan King Crab Legs JUMBO Alaskan King Crab Legs - Bristol Bay Red King Crab The true "King" of Alaska Seafood, our Jumbo Red King Crab have thick, meaty legs and claws... In Alaska, these crab are celebrated for their gigantic legs which are filled with tender, luscious white meat.

After sampling this succulent treat you will know why, for years, Alaskan crab fishermen have risked their lives to bring home this delectable catch. Captain Jack's online seafood market sells only the highest quality legs, insuring that you will savor every last bite of this unique Alaskan delicacy. These legs are an impressive sight, perfect for a special occasion or a romantic dinner for two. Each weigh approx.

2/3 to 1 pound! For the best price check out our 5 lb. Jumbo Alaska King Crab Pack or our 10 lb. Jumbo Alaska King Crab Feast Price $44.99/lb. List Price: $49.99 You Save: $5.00 (10%) Red King Crab Pieces Red King Crab - Broken Leg & Claw Pieces We receive a small amount of king crab that is broken in transit. Since we only ship full unbroken crab legs to our customers, what do we do with all the extra goodies? We package them up and pass the savings on to you, of course! Packed in 1 lb.

portions, these smaller, easy to handle pieces are perfect for those delicious meals when you'll want to shell it anyway! Packages contain a mix of knuckles and broken leg and claw pieces. Price $29.99/lb. List Price: $34.99 You Save: $5.00 (14%) King Crab Legs Alaskan Red King Crab Legs - 5 lb. Crab Pack - with FedEx Delivery! Buy large Red King Crab at an amazing price when you order our 5 lb.

king crab gift box. These wild Bristol Bay Red King Crab legs & claws are filled with sweet, tender white meat. You'll be amazed by the quality and savor every bite of this seafood delicacy. These legs & claws weigh approx. 1/2 pound each! FedEx Priority Overnight delivery included. Price $239.99 List Price: $299.99 You Save: $60.00 (20%) Alaskan King Crab Legs Alaskan Red King Crab Legs - 10 lb.

Crab Feast - Free FedEx Delivery! Fill your freezer with 10 lbs. of this tasty Alaskan treat. These beautiful legs & claws weigh in around 1/2 pound each. Like all of our seafood products our Red King Crab are sustainably harvested by Alaskan fishermen here in Alaska. Support local fishermen and enjoy the finest King Crab around! Price $349.99 List Price: $429.99 You Save: $80.00 (19%) Alaskan King Crab Legs Alaskan Red King Crab Legs from Bristol Bay These beautiful King Crab legs & claws weigh in at around 1/2 pound each.

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Hand selected from less than 1% of the total crab catch! Captain Jack's Super Jumbo Red King Crab legs weigh at least 1 pound each! Price $49.99/lb. SUPER Jumbo Alaska King Crab SUPER JUMBO Red King Crab - 10lb. Crab Pack - Includes FedEx Delivery Order this SUPER JUMBO King Crab pack for the best deal on the biggest crab we can find! Crab legs this size account for less than 1% of the harvest.

Bristol Bay crab are celebrated for their gigantic legs filled with tender, luscious white meat. Captain Jack's sells only the highest quality Alaskan-caught crab, insuring that you will savor every last bite. These legs and claws each weigh 1 pound or more! FedEx Priority shipping included. Additional fees apply for Hawaii locations. Price $499.99 List Price: $599.99 You Save: $100.00 (17%) King Crab Claws Alaskan Red King Crab CLAWS Alaskan King Crab Claws are known for their firm consistency and sweet flavor.

These King Crab Claws are 100% wild and sustainably harvested from Alaskan waters. Our crab claws are filled with tender white meat that is known to be the sweetest part of the crab. They are perfect for an impressive party tray or a favorite king crab recipe. Price $35.99/lb.

Hazel Gordon

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