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Not to be confused with KQED (TV) or WEDQ. WQED Pittsburgh, PennsylvaniaUnited States Branding WQED Pittsburgh Slogan Changes Lives Channels Digital: 13 (VHF)Virtual: 13 (PSIP) Subchannels 13.1 PBS 13.2 Create 13.3 World 13.4 Showcase 13.5 PBS Kids Affiliations PBS (1970–present) Owner WQED Multimedia First air date April 1, 1954 Call letters' meaning Quod Erat Demonstrandum Sister station(s) WQED-FM Former channel number(s) Analog: 13 (VHF, 1954–2009) Digital: 38 (UHF, 1999–2009) Former affiliations NET (1954–1970) Transmitter power 25 kW Height 210 m Facility ID 41315 Transmitter coordinates 40°26′46″N 79°57′51″W / 40.

44611°N 79.96417°W Licensing authority FCC Public license information: ProfileCDBS Website WQED, VHF channel 13, is a PBS member television station located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. The station is owned by WQED Multimedia. Established on April 1, 1954, it was the first community-sponsored television station in the United States as well as the fifth public television station.

WQED also became the first station to telecast classes to elementary school classrooms when Pittsburgh launched the Metropolitan School Service in 1955. WQED has been the flagship station for Mister Rogers' Neighborhood, Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego? (in co-production with WGBH-TV), and Daniel Tiger's Neighborhood (its live-action sequences were filmed in Pittsburgh). On cable, WQED is carried on Comcast channels 9 (channel 12 in Bethel Park and channel 14 in Monroeville) (standard definition) and 813 (high definition), and Verizon FiOS channels 13 (standard definition) and 513 (high definition).

History The idea for a public television station was the brainchild of Pittsburgh mayor David L. Lawrence, who wanted 12 percent of all television stations in the United States to be for non-commercial educational use. Despite the fact that the FCC put an indefinite "freeze" on all television station licenses due to the excess number of applications on file, they granted Lawrence one on the condition they could raise enough money to equip and operate the station.

Lawrence was also a close personal ally of then-President Harry S. Truman, which also helped out his cause. Lawrence then recruited Leland Hazard, an attorney for Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company who also supported the idea of public television, to help get the station off the ground. The biggest obstacle, however, would be Pittsburgh-based Westinghouse Electric Corporation, owners of pioneer radio station KDKA.

Westinghouse wanted to get a television station signed on in Pittsburgh to compete with DuMont O&O WDTV – which at the time had a de facto monopoly in what was then the nation's sixth-largest television market – and was growing impatient with the "freeze" on television station licenses. Westinghouse had launched WBZ-TV in Boston in 1948 and would purchase WPTZ-TV (now KYW-TV) in Philadelphia in 1952, but was unable to secure a license for a television station in its home market.

By the time the "freeze" was lifted in 1952, the FCC granted station licences in smaller cities such as Steubenville, Ohio; Wheeling, West Virginia; Clarksburg, West Virginia; Johnstown, Pennsylvania; Altoona, Pennsylvania; Youngstown, Ohio; and Erie, Pennsylvania the chance to sign on before more stations in Pittsburgh signed on. All of those cities shared the VHF band with Pittsburgh, and only Youngstown would ultimately end up as a UHF island.

Westinghouse later offered a compromise to the FCC, offering to have them get the channel 13 license for the proposed KDKA-TV and have them "share" the frequency with WQED. Considered unacceptable to Hazard, he called Westinghouse CEO Gwilym Price to ask him if he should give up on his fight for public television. Price said that Hazard should keep fighting for it, giving Westinghouse backing for the future WQED.

Westinghouse even donated to Hazard the tower Westinghouse had purchased had it gotten the channel 13 license, making way for WQED to sign on April 1, 1954. The station's call letters, Q.E.D., are taken from the Latin phrase, quod erat demonstrandum (what had to be proved or what was to be demonstrated), commonly used in mathematics.[1] Westinghouse would not have to wait much longer for its own television station in Pittsburgh, though.

Knowing that DuMont needed WDTV's cash flow to get its programming cleared in larger markets but also needed a short-term cash infusion after DuMont investor Paramount Pictures vetoed a merger between DuMont and ABC – which itself had just merged with United Paramount Theaters, Westinghouse offered DuMont a then-record $10 million for WDTV, which DuMont promptly accepted in January 1955. Westinghouse immediately changed the call sign from WDTV to KDKA-TV, making it a sister station to radio station KDKA.

DuMont was not able to get clearance in larger markets and was out of business by the end of 1956. Although KDKA-TV is now owned by Westinghouse successor CBS Corporation (as a CBS owned-and-operated station) as a result of various mergers, the station still retains a close relationship with WQED as a result of Westinghouse helping to get WQED on the air.[2] During the late 1950s, WQED was briefly affiliated with the NTA Film Network, sharing the affiliation with KDKA-TV, WTAE-TV, and WIIC-TV (now WPXI).

From its sign-on until it was replaced by PBS in 1970, WQED was a member station of National Educational Television. During its heyday in the 1970s and 1980s, WQED was a vital supplier of programming to the national PBS system. For 15 years, WQED produced the National Geographic Specials for the National Geographic Society. These programs, among others, and the craftspeople who produced them, won numerous Emmy Awards and other accolades, including Peabody Awards.

Over the years, talent like Michael Keaton, who worked behind the scenes on Mister Rogers' Neighborhood, emerged from the station and went on to international fame. During its heyday, WQED also supported a post production office and editing facility in Los Angeles. Known as QED/West, the satellite was the editing center for much of WQED's national programming. WQED Title card WQED's headquarters, right next to Central Catholic High School in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Sculpture outside WQED's headquarters. During the beginning of the 1990s, WQED faltered on a national level as the rapidly changing media landscape shifted. The downturn was exacerbated by a scandal in which top executives were discovered to have been augmenting their personal revenues without informing the Board of Directors. This period was chronicled in the 2000 book, Air Wars: The Fight to Reclaim Public Broadcasting by Jerrold M.

Starr. The problems continued with a failed attempt to sell WQED's auxiliary station, WQEX (channel 16), outright in 1999. In 2002, WQEX's non-commercial educational status was removed, and the station would move to an all-shopping format, first with America's Store and later with ShopNBC. In November 2010, WQED reached a deal to sell WQEX to Ion Media Networks for $3 million. The sale was consummated (after FCC approval) on May 2, 2011, at which time the station's call sign changed from WQEX to WINP-TV.

[3][4] WQED received $9.9 million in the spectrum auction to shift frequency. WQED will use the proceeds to pay down its debt the station has had since the 1990s.[5] Digital television Digital channels The station's digital channel is multiplexed: Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[6] 13.1 1080i 16:9 WQED-HD Main WQED programming / PBS 13.2 480i WQED-D1 Create 13.3 WQED-D2 World[7] 13.

4 WQED-D3 Showcase 13.5 WQED-D4 PBS Kids On January 5, 2009, WQED launched the Create Channel on 13.2, replacing the standard-definition simulcast of WQED's main channel.[8] Analog-to-digital conversion WQED shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 13, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate.

The station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 38 to VHF channel 13.[9] This made WQED the only full-powered station in the Pittsburgh market to move its digital signal back to its analog-era channel position. Former sister station WINP-TV took over WQED's former digital channel 38, broadcasting on virtual channel 16.1. Original programming Local OnQ (2000–present) – weekdays Black Horizons (1968–present) – weekly as the longest running African-American issues program in the nation.

[1] Rick Sebak Pittsburgh Series The Mon, The Al & The O (1988) Kennywood Memories (1988) Holy Pittsburgh! (1989) Flying Off The Bridge To Nowhere! And Other Tales Of Pittsburgh Bridges (1990) Things That Aren’t There Anymore (1990) Downtown Pittsburgh (1992) Stuff That’s Gone (1994) Houses Around Here (1994) The Strip Show (1996) North Side Story (1997) South Side (1998) Things That Are Still Here (1999) Something About Oakland (2000) Pittsburgh A To Z (2001) Happy Holidays in Pittsburgh (2002) Things We've Made (2003) It's the Neighborhoods (2004) What Makes Pittsburgh Pittsburgh (2006) Underground Pittsburgh (2007) Invented, Engineered, and Pioneered in Pittsburgh (2008) Right Beside the River (2009) 25 Things I Like About Pittsburgh (2012) A History of Pittsburgh in 17 Objects (2014) Return to Downtown Pittsburgh (2016) Another Trip Downtown (2016) State Eat Pennsylvania (2006) Rick Sebak Pennsylvania programs The Pennsylvania Road Show (1992) Pennsylvania Diners And Other Roadside Restaurants (1993) National Mister Rogers' Neighborhood (1968–2001) – in association with Family Communications, Inc.

Drink, Drank, Drunk (1974) – an hour-long Carol Burnett hosted a program on Alcoholism.[10] National Geographic Specials (1975–1991) Puzzle Children (1976) – an hour-long Julie Andrews and Bill Bixby hosted special.[11] Including Me (1977) – an hour-long Patricia Neal hosted program spotlighting 6 handicapped children.[1][12] Raised in Anger (1979) - an hour-long Ed Asner hosted program on child abuse.

[13] The Chemical People (1982–1983) – a nine-part series on drug abuse.[14][15] Planet Earth (1986) – in association with the National Academy of Sciences The Infinite Voyage (1987–1992) – in association with the National Academy of Sciences[16] Where in the World is Carmen Sandiego – in partnership with WGBH-TV in Boston The very first national television townhall "America Speaks" with Bill Clinton, aired nationally in prime time by NBC.

(June 1992)[17] Where in Time Is Carmen Sandiego – in partnership with WGBH-TV in Boston Space Age (1994?) – in association with the National Academy of Sciences Doo Wop 50 (1999) and subsequent similar programs produced by TJ Lubinsky The War that Made America (2006) Rick Sebak National programs An Ice Cream Show (1996) Shore Things (1996) A Hot Dog Program (1999) Great Old Amusement Parks (1999) A Flea Market Documentary (2001) Sandwiches That You Will Like (2002) A Program About Unusual Buildings & Other Roadside Stuff (2004) A Cemetery Special (2005) To Market To Market To Buy A Fat Pig (2007) A Ride Along the Lincoln Highway (2008) Breakfast Special (2010) Breakfast Special 2: Revenge of the Omelets (2012) Chris Moore National programs Wylie Avenue Days (1991) In Country: A Vietnam Story (2006) See also WINP-TV References ^ a b c "50 FACTS ABOUT WQED MULTIMEDIA".

WQED Multimedia. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 23, 2010. Retrieved March 29, 2011. ^ "CDBS Print". ^ Staff, FCC Internet Services. "Call Sign History". ^ Sefton, Dru (February 10, 2017). "Spectrum auction nets nearly $35M for two Pennsylvania stations". Current. Retrieved February 14, 2017. ^ "RabbitEars.Info". ^ Hazimanolis, George (December 2, 2014). "NEW DIGITAL TELEVISION CHANNEL TO DEBUT ON WQED JANUARY 1" (Press release).

WQED Multimedia - Pressroom. ^ Owen, Rob (January 2, 2009). "Tuned In: WQED puts daytime focus on children's programming". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and Second Rounds" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-24. ^ "The Pittsburgh Press - Google News Archive Search". ^ "The Pittsburgh Press - Google News Archive Search". ^ "Lakeland Ledger - Google News Archive Search".

^ "The Pittsburgh Press - Google News Archive Search". ^ "The Pittsburgh Press - Google News Archive Search". ^ "The Pittsburgh Press - Google News Archive Search". ^ "The Pittsburgh Press - Google News Archive Search". ^ "Clinton Campaign Town Meeting in Pennsylvania". External links Official website Query the FCC's TV station database for WQED BIAfn's Media Web Database -- Information on WQED-TV A history from the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette "Changes Lives" Identity unveiled 2007 annual report award win for WQED v t e Broadcast television in Southwestern Pennsylvania, Northeastern West Virginia and Far Western Maryland, including Pittsburgh and Morgantown Reception may vary by location and some stations may only be viewable with cable televisionNetwork O&Os are in bold Local stations KDKA-TV (2.

1 CBS, 2.2 Decades) WTAE-TV (4.1 ABC, 4.2 Cozi) WPXI (11.1 NBC, 11.2 MeTV, 11.3 Laff) WQED (13.1 PBS, 13.2 Create, 13.3 World, 13.4 Showcase, 13.5 PBS Kids) WINP-TV (16.1 Ion, 16.2 Qubo, 16.3 Life, 16.4 Ion Shop, 16.5 QVC OTA, 16.6 HSN) WPCW/WBPA-LP 30 (19.1 CW, 19.2 Heroes & Icons) WPNT (22.1 MNTV, 22.2 ASN, 22.3 Comet TV, 22.4 TBD) WNPB-TV (24.1 PBS/WVPB, 24.2 PBS Encore/World, 24.3 PBS Kids) WIIC-LD (31.

1 Bounce TV) WBYD-CD (39.1 Jewelry Television, 39.2 Infomercials) WGPT (36.1 PBS/MPT, 36.2 MPT2, 36.3 PBS Kids, 36.4 NHK World) WPCB-TV (40.1 COR, 40.2 Bible Discovery TV) W45BT-D (45.1 COR) WWAT-CD (45.1 silent) WPGH-TV (53.1 FOX, 53.2 Antenna TV, 53.3 Charge!) WOSC-CD (61.1 HSN, 61.2 Movies! ,61.3 Buzzr) WPTG-CD (69.1 HSN) Cable channels AT&T SportsNet Pittsburgh Pittsburgh Cable News Channel IUP-TV (Ind) Adjacent locals Johnstown, PA WPSU-TV (3.

1 PBS, 3.2 Create, 3.3 World, 3.4 PBS Kids) WJAC-TV (6.1 NBC, 6.2 MeTV) WWCP-TV (8.1 Fox, 8.2 ABC) WTAJ-TV (10.1 CBS) WATM-TV (23.1 ABC, 23.2 Fox, 23.3 This TV) Youngstown, OH WYFX-LD (19.1 Fox, 19.2 GetTV, 19.3 Laff) WFMJ-TV (21.1 NBC, 21.2 The CW) WKBN-TV (27.1 CBS, 27.2 Fox, 27.3 Ion) WYTV (33.1 ABC, 33.2 MyNetworkTV, 33.3 Bounce TV) Wheeling/Steubenville WTRF-TV (7.1 CBS, 7.2 MNTV, 7.3 ABC, 7.4 Escape) WTOV-TV (9.

1 NBC, 9.2 Fox, 9.3 MeTV) Defunct WQVC-CD 28 WBOA-CD (29.1 QVC, 29.2 Infomercials) WLLS-LP 49 (A1) WPCP-CD (59.1 Movies!, 59.2 QVC OTA, 59.3 Retro, 59.4 COZI) WEPA-CD/WNNB-CD (59.1/66.1 Cozi TV, 59.2/66.2 Movies!, 59.3/66.3 Retro TV) W63AU 63 (Ind) Pennsylvania broadcast television Binghamton, New York Buffalo, New York Elmira, New York Erie Johnstown/Altoona/State College New York City Philadelphia Pittsburgh Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Susquehanna Valley (Harrisburg) Washington, DC Youngstown, Ohio West Virginia Broadcast television Bluefield Clarksburg/Weston Huntington/Charleston Parkersburg Washington, DC Wheeling Maryland Broadcast television Baltimore Pittsburgh, PA Salisbury Washington, D.

C. v t e Broadcast television in Youngstown–Warren, Ohio and Sharon–New Castle, Pennsylvania Reception may vary by location and some stations may only be viewable with cable television Local stations WYFX (19.1 Fox, 19.2 GetTV, 19.3 Laff) WFMJ (21.1 NBC, 21.2 CW) WKBN (27.1 CBS, 27.2 Fox, 27.3 Ion) WYTV (33.1 ABC, 33.2 MNTV, 33.3 Bounce TV) WNEO/WEAO (45.1/49.1 PBS, 45.2/49.2 Fusion, 45.

3/49.3 MHz) WPCP-CD (59.1 IND/Movies!, 59.2 QVC, 59.3 RTV, 59.4 COZI) Adjacent locals Cleveland WKYC (3.1 NBC, 3.2 Justice, 3.3 COZI) WEWS-TV (5.1 ABC, 5.2 Grit, 5.3 Laff) WJW (8.1 Fox, 8.2 Antenna TV) WOIO (19.1 CBS, 19.2 MeTV) WVIZ (25.1 PBS, 25.2 OH Chan, 25.3 World, 25.4 Create, 25.5 PBS Kids 25.9 CSCN audio only) WUAB (43.1 MNTV, 43.2 Bounce) WBNX-TV (55.1 CW, 55.2 Happy, 55.3 Movies!, 55.

4 H&I) WQHS-DT (61.1 UNI, 61.2, UniMás, 61.3 GetTV, 61.4 Escape) Pittsburgh KDKA (2.1 CBS, 2.2 Decades) WTAE (4.1 ABC, 4.2 COZI) WPXI (11.1 NBC, 11.2 MeTV, 11.3 Laff) WQED (13.1 PBS, 13.2 Create, 13.3 World, 13.4 Showcase, 13.5 PBS Kids) WPNT (22.1 MNTV, 22.2 ASN, 22.3 Comet, 22.4 TBD) WPGH (53.1 Fox, 53.2 ANT, 53.3 Charge!) Pennsylvania broadcast television Binghamton, New York Buffalo, New York Elmira, New York Erie Johnstown/Altoona/State College New York City Philadelphia Pittsburgh Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Susquehanna Valley (Harrisburg) Washington, DC Youngstown, Ohio Ohio broadcast television Charleston/Huntington, West Virginia Cincinnati Cleveland/Akron Columbus Dayton Ft.

Wayne, Indiana Lima Marietta/Parkersburg, West Virginia Steubenville/Wheeling, West Virginia Toledo Youngstown Zanesville v t e Pennsylvania Public Television Network Stations: WHYY-TV WITF-TV WLVT-TV WPSU-TV WQED WQLN WVIA-TV WYBE v t e PBS Member Stations in the State of Pennsylvania WPSU 3 (Clearfield) WQED 13 (Pittsburgh) WITF 33 (Harrisburg) WLVT 39 (Allentown) WVIA 44 (Scranton) WQLN 54 (Erie) WHYY 12 (Philadelphia) Other: WNJS 23 (Camden, NJ) See also ABC CBS CW Fox Ion MyNetworkTV NBC PBS Other stations in Pennsylvania v t e Mister Rogers' Neighborhood Fred Rogers Neighborhood of Make-Believe Seasons 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Related articles Fred Rogers Memorial Scholarship Speedy Delivery Josie Carey Ernie Coombs Children's Museum of Pittsburgh University of Pittsburgh School of Information Sciences Idlewild and Soak Zone Daniel Tiger's Neighborhood "Mister Robinson's Neighborhood" 26858 Misterrogers v t e Carmen Sandiego Games Broderbund World (1985) U.

S.A. (1986) Europe Time North Dakota America's Past Space Junior Detective World (1996) U.S.A. (1996) Great Chase Through Time Word Detective Math Detective The Learning Company ThinkQuick Challenge Treasures of Knowledge The Secret of the Stolen Drums New Carmen Adventure World (2011) Adventures in Math Returns Shows World Time Earth episodes Carmen Sandiego (2019) Albums World Out of This World Other media World of Music Universe Days Related Carmen Sandiego (character) Lauren Elliott Category v t e Pittsburgh History Timeline Culture Dialect Media Neighborhoods Notable people Skyscrapers Government Airport Conventions City Hall Courthouse Mayor Council Events InterGov Police D.

A. Sheriff Fire Libraries Transit Education Port Regional Economy Allegheny Conference Duquesne Club Chamber of Commerce Economic Club HYP Club Stock Exchange Fortune 500 headquarters U.S. Steel PNC Financial Services PPG Industries Kraft Heinz Mylan WESCO International Consol Energy Dick's Sporting Goods Allegheny Technologies Forbes largest private companies headquarters 84 Lumber Giant Eagle Other corporation headquarters American Bridge American Eagle Outfitters Ampco Pittsburgh ANSYS Armstrong Communications Atlas America Black Box Bruster's Ice Cream Calgon Carbon Compunetix Dollar Bank DQE Energy Eat'n Park EDMC EQT Energy Federated Investors GNC Guru.

com Highmark H. Laughlin China iGate Iron City Brewing Company Kennametal Koppers MARC USA Millcraft Industries Mine Safety Appliances Oxford Development PTC Alliance Renda Broadcasting rue21 University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Vocelli Pizza Wabtec Companies with split headquarters Alcoa ModCloth NOVA Chemicals Subsidiary company headquarters Allegheny Energy Bayer Corporation FedEx Ground GlaxoSmithKline USA LANXESS Respironics Vivisimo Westinghouse Electric Company Outside companies with strong Pittsburgh relations BNY Mellon (formerly Mellon Financial) Dreyfus Corporation Eaton Corporation Spreadshirt Macy's Historic Fisher's Big Wheel Clark Bar Dravo Fisher Scientific Integra Bank Mesta Machinery G.

C. Murphy Gulf Oil J&L Steel Ketchum Rockwell Sunbeam Westinghouse List of corporations in Pittsburgh Sports Dapper Dan Grand Prix Great Race Head of the Ohio Lore Marathon Mylan Classic Regatta WPHL Baseball Pirates Wild Things Panthers Dukes Chronicle-Telegraph Cup Allegheny Burghers Champions Crawfords Filipinos Grays Hardhats Keystones Stogies Rebels Basketball Yellow Jackets Panthers (m) Panthers (w) Dukes (m) Dukes (w) Colonials (m) Colonials (w) Roundball Classic Condors Ironmen Loendi Monticello Phantoms Pipers Piranhas Pirates Rens Xplosion Football Steelers Panthers Steeler Nation heritage Colts Force Passion Renegades 1898 All-Stars Allegheny Americans A's Duquesne Gladiators Homestead Lyceum Maulers Power Odds Olympics Quakers JP Stars Early Pro Football Circuit Hockey Penguins Colonials (m) Colonials (w) Three Rivers Classic A's Bankers Cougars Duquesne Ft.

Pitt Hornets Keystones Lyceum Panthers Phantoms Pirates Pirates (WPHL) Pros Shamrocks Victorias Winter Garden Yellow Jackets Soccer Riverhounds Beadling Cannons Hurricanes Phantoms Spirit Other Sledgehammers Bulls Harlequins PCC Triangles Wallabies Studio Wrestling Dirty Dozen Venues PPG Paints Arena Heinz Field PNC Park 84 Lumber Arena Fitzgerald Field House Highmark Stadium Palumbo Center Petersen Events Center Petersen Sports Complex Rooney Field Sewall Center Trees Hall Central Park Civic Arena Duquesne Gardens Exposition Park Forbes Field Josh Gibson Field Greenlee Field Motor Square Garden Pitt Stadium Recreation Park Schenley Gardens Three Rivers Winter Garden Parks Allegheny Arsenal Allegheny Commons Allegheny Riverfront ArtGardens Buhl Community Chatham University Arboretum Frank Curto Frick Emerald View Highland Market Square Mellon Mellon Green Mellon Square North Shore Riverfront Phillips Point of View Point State PPG Place Riverview Roberto Clemente Memorial Rodef Shalom Biblical Botanical Garden Schenley Schenley Plaza South Shore Riverfront South Side Three Rivers West End Overlook Westinghouse Transportation Inclines Steps v t e Port Authority of Allegheny County Light rail(List of stations)      Blue Line – Library      Blue Line – South Hills Village      Red Line – Castle Shannon      Red Line – South Hills Village Inclines(Historical list) Duquesne Incline Monongahela Incline Buses and busways(List of routes)      Martin Luther King Jr.

East Busway      South Busway      West Busway Former lines 47 Drake Brown Line PATrain Skybus Other North Shore Connector Port Authority 4000 Series PCC Wabash Tunnel v t e Public transportation in Greater Pittsburgh Bus services Port Authority of Allegheny County list of bus routes Beaver Butler Fayette IndiGO Mid Mon Valley Mountain Line New Castle Town & Country University of Pittsburgh Washington Westmoreland Bus rapid transit MLK Jr.

East Busway South Busway West Busway Light rail Red Line Blue Line Library South Hills Village Inclines Duquesne Monongahela Amtrak Capitol Limited Pennsylvanian Airports Pittsburgh International Arnold Palmer Allegheny County Beaver Butler Eddie Dew Greensburg Jeannette Herron Jefferson Jimmy Stewart Joe Hardy Lakehill Monroeville New Castle Rock Rostraver Washington Wheeling Zelienople Discontinued Broadway Limited Brown Line List of streetcar routes in Pittsburgh Parkway Limited PATrain Skybus v t e Tunnels and bridges in Pittsburgh Tunnels Allegheny River Tunnel Armstrong Tunnel Cork Run Tunnel Corliss Tunnel Fort Pitt Tunnel J&L Tunnel Liberty Tunnel Mount Washington Transit Tunnel Pittsburgh and Castle Shannon Tunnel Pittsburgh & Steubenville Extension Railroad Tunnel Schenley Tunnel Squirrel Hill Tunnel Wabash Tunnel Bridges 30th Street Bridge 31st Street Bridge 33rd Street Railroad Bridge 40th Street Bridge Bloomfield Bridge Birmingham Bridge David McCullough Bridge Fort Duquesne Bridge Fort Pitt Bridge Fort Wayne Railroad Bridge Glenwood Bridge Glenwood B&O Railroad Bridge Highland Park Bridge Homestead Grays Bridge Hot Metal Bridge Liberty Bridge McKees Rocks Bridge Panhandle Bridge Panther Hollow Bridge Schenley Bridge Senator Robert D.

Fleming Bridge Smithfield Street Bridge South Tenth Street Bridge Three Sisters Roberto Clemente Bridge Andy Warhol Bridge Rachel Carson Bridge Veterans Bridge West End Bridge Attractions Aviary Baywood Cathedral of Learning Chinatown Conservatory Dippy Immaculate Heart Duquesne Incline Heinz Chapel Little Italy Mellon Institute Mon Incline Observatory Pamela's Penn Station Point of View sculpture Primanti's Science Center Steps USS Requin Zoo Kennywood Luna Park Westinghouse Sign Landmarks National (City) National (County) State City PHLF Cultural Museums Art Arts Arts Festival Bible Fort Pitt and Blockhouse Clayton Clemente Children's Frick Glass Center History Jazz Jewish Mattress Factory Dental Miller Miss Pittsburgh Nationality Rooms National Map Natural History Soldiers and Sailors Warhol Wilson WSG Venues Heinz Hall Benedum Byham Harris Kelly-Strayhorn New Hazlett O'Reilly Foster Playhouse Trib Hunt Stage AE Syria Mosque Nixon Theater Festivals Anthrocon Arts Blues Comicon Fashion Film Folk Handmade New Works Tekko Whiskey & Fine Spirits Wine Shopping and entertainment Casino Gateway Clipper Fleet Station Square Strip Downtown Oakland South Side Macy's Market Square Southside Works Waterworks Mount Washington East Liberty Squirrel Hill Shadyside Walnut Street Opera Ballet Symphony Brass Classical Theatre Dance Ensemble Caravan Theatre Folk Light Opera Opera Theater Jewish Theatre Public Theater Playwrights Musical Theater Stage Right Youth Ballet Youth Symphony Bricolage NNOC v t e Shopping malls in Pittsburgh Enclosed Beaver Valley Mall The Block Northway Century III Mall The Galleria of Mt.

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AdvertisementWASHINGTON — Hundreds of independent pharmacists swarmed the House and Senate office buildings one recent afternoon, climbing the marble staircases as they rushed from one appointment to the next, pitching lawmakers on their plan to rein in the soaring drug prices that have enraged American consumers.As they crowded into lawmakers’ offices, describing themselves as the industry’s “white hats,” they pointed a finger at pharmacy benefit managers like Express Scripts and CVS Health, which handle the drug coverage of millions of Americans.

“Want to reduce prescription drug costs?” the pharmacists argued during their visits. “Pay attention to the middlemen.”A civil war has broken out among the most powerful players in the pharmaceutical industry — including brand-name and generic drug makers, and even your local pharmacists — with each blaming others for the rising price of medicine.It is an industry that was already spending nearly double what other business sectors in the United States economy allocate on lobbying, and those sums continue to rise.

President Trump has only heightened anxiety by accusing the drug industry of “getting away with murder,” even though he has not weighed in with his own proposal.For now, lawmakers are facing an almost daily assault.“Everyone is very eager to maximize their profits and get a piece of the pie, and sorting it all out is complicated,” said Senator Susan Collins, Republican of Maine.The question is whether a rare confluence of public outrage, political will and presidential leadership can bring about a meaningful change that will slow the drain on consumers’ pocketbooks.

“You remember that old photograph of the Three Stooges, their faces cracked sideways and they are pointing at each other?” asked Chester Davis Jr., the president of the Association for Accessible Medicines, sitting in the basement cafeteria of the Russell Senate Office Building at the start of a day in which he would make his own pitches on behalf of generic drugmakers. “Everyone is doing the finger-pointing, when in fact there is a lot of blame to go around.

”Hugh Chancy, center, a pharmacist from Hahira, Ga., speaking with the staff of Representative Hank Johnson, Democrat of Georgia.CreditAl Drago/The New York TimesIn polls, Democrats and Republicans alike have lowering drug prices near the top of their health care priorities. Public anger has risen along with the skyrocketing prices for many essential medicines — insulin for diabetes, for example, and EpiPens for severe allergic reactions.

But will efforts to reduce drug costs surmount the industry’s aggressive lobbying and campaign contributions?“It’s still a very uphill fight,” said Representative Lloyd Doggett, Democrat of Texas, who like Ms. Collins has been pushing Congress to increase competition and lower prices, “given the millions they have spent on lobbying, advertising and campaign contributions.”With billions in profit on the line, the pharmaceutical and health products industry has already spent $78 million on lobbying in the first quarter of this year, a 14 percent jump over last year, according to the Center for Responsive Politics.

The industry pays some 1,100 lobbyists — more than two for each member of Congress.In the 2016 election cycle, the industry poured more than $58 million into the election campaigns of members of Congress and presidential candidates, as well as other political causes, the Center for Responsive Politics data shows. That was the biggest investment in the industry’s history and a 20 percent jump from the last presidential election cycle in 2012.

No single proposal has emerged as a clear winner in the bid to lower prices. Mr. Trump has sent conflicting signals: On one hand, he has accused the industry of “price fixing” and has said the government should be allowed to negotiate the price of drugs covered by Medicare. At other times, he has talked about rolling back regulations and named an industry-friendly former congressman, Tom Price, to head the Department of Health and Human Services, and a former pharmaceutical consultant, Scott Gottlieb, to lead the Food and Drug Administration.

Members of Congress have put forward a grab-bag of options, each of which would help or hurt different industry players.Some address minor aspects, such as a bipartisan bill that would force brand-name drugmakers to hand over samples of their drugs to generic competitors. One would allow for the importing of cheaper drugs. Another would force pharmacy benefit managers to disclose more information about how they did business.

For now, it is a free-for-all.The brand-name drug industry is the dominant player. It spends the most on campaign contributions, has the largest army of lobbyists and has the biggest pile of chits among lawmakers to try to protect its own interests.Left, a pamphlet distributed by pharmacists depicting pharmacy benefit managers as sharp-toothed dogs. Right, an email attacking independent pharmacists.

Express Scripts, a benefit manager, paid for the message.Its trade group, the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America, or PhRMA, was so concerned about its vulnerability this year that it increased its annual dues by 50 percent — generating an extra $100 million to flood social media, television stations, as well as newspapers and magazines with advertising that reminds consumers of the industry’s role in helping to save lives.

A second set of PhRMA ads point blame for price increases elsewhere, like benefit managers and health insurers.In doing so, PhRMA is seeking to rehabilitate a reputation that was damaged by the actions of companies like Turing Pharmaceuticals, which sharply hiked the price of a decades-old medicine. Its unapologetic former chief executive, Martin Shkreli, came to be seen as the ultimate illustration of the industry’s bad deeds.

Though Turing was never a member of the group, PhRMA recently purged nearly two dozen companies from its membership after it voted to exclude investor-driven drug companies like Turing.Nearly every week that Congress is in session, the industry holds fund-raisers at private clubs and restaurants to help bankroll the re-election campaigns of its allies. One former lobbyist for PhRMA recently boasted that he had once organized six fund-raising events in a two-day period.

(He asked that he not be named because the fund-raising efforts are supposed to be confidential.)In late April, for example, a PhRMA Industry Breakfast was hosted for Representative John Shimkus, Republican of Illinois, at the National Republican Club of Capitol Hill, a members-only hot spot across the street from the Capitol.The industry had reason to thank Mr. Shimkus. Last year, he helped save pharmaceutical companies billions of dollars by persuading the Obama administration to kill a project that was meant to test ways to lower the cost of the so-called Medicare Part B program, which spent $24.

6 billion on prescription drugs in 2015.Mr. Shimkus, who received nearly $300,000 in drug-industry contributions in the last election cycle, led an effort to collect signatures from 242 members of the House challenging the effort. He also co-sponsored legislation that threatened to block it, which became moot after the Obama administration backed down.A spokesman for Mr. Shimkus said his actions were intended to protect cancer patients — pointing to a clinic in his district he said might close if the Medicare program had gone into effect — not the pharmaceutical industry.

Stephen J. Ubl, the chief executive of the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America, the trade group representing the brand-name drug industry.CreditLexey Swall for The New York TimesBut other participants said industry influence — as drug companies attempted to preserve their bottom line — had played a decisive role.“When we first proposed this, people were warning me, ‘Be careful, everybody on K Street is going to be gunning for you now,’ and I did not really know what they meant,” said Andy Slavitt, a top Obama administration official who pushed the prescription drug price experiment.

“Now I know. When you take on pharma, you take on this whole town.”Stephen J. Ubl, the chief executive of PhRMA, acknowledged that his group had been “very engaged” in defending his member companies’ interests, and blamed a few bad actors — not his own members — for the public’s disapproval.“The researchers wake up every day working for better treatments and cures,” he said, echoing his organization’s multimillion-dollar advertising campaign, “Go Boldly.

”[embedded content]The pharmacy benefit managers are giants themselves. Two of the biggest, Express Scripts and CVS Health, which are among the nation’s 50 largest companies, have initiated their own counteroffensive.In February, Mark Merritt, the president of the Pharmaceutical Care Management Association, the trade group for benefit managers, outlined a strategy to “engage the new administration” and to build “a political firewall on Capitol Hill,” according to a confidential memo that was first made public by BuzzFeed.

The memo bragged about the group’s courting of senior Trump administration officials. It also said it had met with Capitol Hill staff members and lawmakers, formed a partnership with conservative advocacy groups and created an advertising campaign called “Drug Benefit Solutions.”[embedded content]How does drug pricing work?CreditVideo by Drug Benefit SolutionsLast month, the group hosted several hundred government officials and other industry players at a fancy “policy forum” a few blocks from the Capitol, where it detailed just why its members were “uniquely positioned” to save consumers money.

Representative John Shimkus, Republican of Illinois, received nearly $300,000 in drug-industry contributions in the last election cycle.CreditBill Clark/CQ Roll Call, via Associated PressA smaller war is playing out between pharmacy benefit managers and pharmacists, confrontations that have included covert operations.When the independent pharmacists descended on Capitol Hill in late April, they came with a brochure depicting benefit managers as sharp-toothed dogs, grabbing bags of money.

Yet even as they walked the halls, a group calling itself Ask Your Independent Pharmacist sent a blast email to some of the same lawmakers the pharmacists had just met with. “Whose interests are they on the Hill to champion — the pharmacist’s pocketbook or the patients they claim to serve?” an email asked.When The New York Times called a public relations firm, Kivvit, which operates out of an address listed on the email, staff members repeatedly hung up when asked who had paid for the message.

After a reporter called the firm’s Chicago headquarters, Tracy Schmaler, a Justice Department aide in the Obama administration who now works at Kivvit, responded: Express Scripts had paid for the message.Jonah Houts, the head of government affairs at Express Scripts, said the company’s role as a middleman drew fire from all sides.“We were designed to create tension,” he said. “We’re successful at what we do, and that’s why we want to make sure the lawmakers who are considering legislation that affects us understand that.

”The generics industry has also come under attack. Though its drugs are generally cheap, some have also risen sharply in price, and prosecutors have been investigating claims of price-fixing by some of the largest players, including Mylan.Heather Bresch, the chief executive of Mylan and a former chairwoman of the generics trade group, has been pilloried on social media for her role in hiking the price of EpiPens, even though EpiPens sold as branded drugs, not generics.

As the controversy over EpiPens unfolded, Ms. Bresch shifted criticism toward what she called the “broken system” of brokers, distributors and pharmacists who take a cut of the price, too. In January, the generics trade group shed its old name for one that reflects the changed political climate: the Association for Accessible Medicines.Mr. Doggett, the Texas Democrat, said the industry war was in some ways a positive sign.

“We have moved from ‘There is no problem’ to ‘It’s not my fault,’ ” he said. “It begins to focus attention on what so many of my constituents already know the problem is, which is price gouging.”A version of this article appears in print on , on Page A1 of the New York edition with the headline: As Prices Soar, Drug Lobbyists Pass the Blame. Order Reprints | Today’s Paper | SubscribeAdvertisement

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