Septic Tank Pumping Prices

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Home > Home Improvement > Plumbing > Cost of Pumping a Septic Tank How Much Does Septic Tank Pumping Cost? Septic Tank Cleaning Prices Septic tank needs regular maintenance to function properly. Without it, septic tank problems will occur. Septic backup and foul odors are just two of the problems that can happen without regular septic tank maintenance. Having a septic service regularly pump your tank is vital.

If you're too late with the maintenance, the entire neighborhood will stink and you don't want to be that neighbor. A 4-person household with a 500 gallon tank needs their septic tank pumped once every year. Each household member over four (4) cuts this time down by 3 months. Garbage disposals increase this schedule by about 20%, as well. Septic system additives (that help control bacteria) can help a little bit, but it will not replace pumping out your septic system.

Average Septic Tank Cleaning Cost Average septic tank cleaning cost is $200 to $300 for a septic tank as large as 1,000 gallons. Prices can go up to $800 for a large, 2,500 gallon tank. There may be an additional $200 to $400 charge if the contractor has to find the septic tank and locate the opening, depending on the amount of labor involved. There are devices you can install in septic tanks that will report problems such as scum and sludge levels, potential backup problems, etc.

They will set off warning lights on a panel inside your house, warning you of potential septic tank problems before they happen. The best way to avoid any problems with your septic system is to visually inspect it every once in a while in order to make sure no buildup is happening. If you do find a problem, the faster you take care of it the cheaper the cost will be to you. Use Our Free Service and Find Septic Tank Companies Near You

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SEPTIC TANK PUMPING SCHEDULE - CONTENTS: Septic tank cleanout schedule - when do I need to de-sludge or pump out the septic tank? Septic System Maintenance Guidelines using a Septic Tank Pumping Frequency Table. Septic Tank Cleaning Frequency based on actual measurements at the tank. Septic Tank Cleaning Frequency based on Electronic septic tank monitoring. Septic Tank Inspection Frequency based on assessing risk factors POST a QUESTION or READ FAQs about how often does a septic tank need to be pumped or cleaned? REFERENCES InspectAPedia tolerates no conflicts of interest.

We have no relationship with advertisers, products, or services discussed at this website. Septic tank cleaning or pumpout frequency guidelines or rules: Tthis article provides a septic tank pumping schedule based on septic tank size and level of usage. This document explains a key point in how septic systems work: the septic tank & septic system cleaning schedule - when to pump out the septic tank.

We describe all of the reasonable methods for determining the recommended frequency for cleaning out a septic tank: using a cleanout frequency table, using objective measurements, using an electronic tank monitor. We also explain what is septic tank effluent retention time, why to measure septic tank scum and sludge levels in sum we provide a comprehensive guide to answering: How often should septic tanks be pumped? Green links show where you are.

© Copyright 2017 InspectApedia.com, All Rights Reserved. SEPTIC TANK PUMPING SCHEDULE - A Guide to Septic Cleaning - How Often Do You Pump Out A Septic Tank? Table Igiven below lists the recommended septic tank pumping frequency according to septic tank capacity and household size. The frequencies were calculated to provide a minimum of 24 hours of wastewater retention assuming 50 percent digestion of the retained solids.

Common septic tank pumping frequency mistakes Failure to pump the septic tank frequently enough: leading to an early drainfield failure and costly repairs Pumping or cleaning the septic tank too frequently, wasting money (though you're wasting a lot less money than the cost of a new drainfield.Some septic pumping contractors and some other "experts" give a fixed rule of thumb that serves their own interest, such as "pump your septic tank every year" or "pump your septic tank every two years" or in a case we know about in Minnesota, "pump the septic tank every couple of months or after you've had a lot of visitors".

It would be smarter to pump the septic tank before or both before and after heavy use if we know the septic system is marginal. Pump the tank before a period of heavy usage to avoid a sewage backup during the heavy usage interval and afterwards to get back to normal usage levels.See SEPTIC BACKUP PREVENTION for tips to avoid a septic problem during times of anticipated heavy septic system usage.Contractors may give this advice without first having actually considered any information about the septic system capacity, level of usage, age, or other conditions.

It's a great example of "OPM" or "other people's money" - spending someone else's money to reduce your risk that they'll complain that your advice wasn't safe enough. Pumping the septic tank with the fantasy that doing so will "fix" a clogged or failed drainfield. All you really gain is a few days of toilet flushing before the tank has re-filled. See this complete list SEPTIC TANK PUMPING MISTAKES and fantasies about how septic tanks work and how they should be maintained.

Actually inspecting the septic system, diagnosing any problems or failures, and inspecting conditions inside the septic tank will tell us whether the tank is being pumped at the correct frequency. The removal of septic waste by cleaning the septic tank is a critical step in septic system care as it extends the life of the septic field. Even if you don't care how septic systems work you need to know when to clean the septic tank by pumping out septic waste.

Using the septic tank cleaning frequency table just below, simply look up your tank size and number of building occupants to see how often the septic tank should be cleaned. Later in this article we list other factors that can increase or decrease the recommended pumping rate. Table I. Septic Tank Pumping Frequency in Years Septic Tank Size  Gallons Household size - Number of Occupants 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Septic Tank Pumping Frequency in Years 500* 5.

8 2.6 1.5 1.0 0.7 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 -- 750* 9.1 4.2 2.6 1.8 1.3 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.3 900 11.0 5.2 3.3 2.3 1.7 1.3 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.5 1000 12.4 5.9 3.7 2.6 2.0 1.5 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.7 1250 15.6 7.5 4.8 3.4 2.6 2.0 1.7 1.4 1.2 1.0 1500 18.9 9.1 5.9 4.2 3.3 2.6 2.1 1.8 1.5 1.3 1750 22.1 10.7 6.9 5.0 3.9 3.1 2.6 2.2 1.9 1.6 2000 25.4 12.4 8.0 5.9 4.5 3.7 3.1 2.6 2.2 2.0 2250 28.6 14.0 9.1 6.7 5.2 4.2 3.5 3.0 2.6 2.

3 2500 30.9 15.6 10.2 7.5 5.9 4.8 4.0 3.5 3.0 2.6   NOTES to the Septic Tank Pumping Schedule Table: Numbers in the septic pumping table indicate septic treatment tank pump out in frequency of every nn years for conventional septic tanks, and assuming for year-round occupancy of the residence. (This data does not pertain to simple holding tanks which retain all solid and liquid waste with no treatment no effluent disposal system.

) * These septic tank sizes are below the minimum size allowed in Pennsylvania and other jurisdictions. Florida septic tank pumping rules and Ohio septic tank cleaning rules may be more demanding. Minimum septic tank sizes: Under current Pennsylvania law a 900 gallon septic tank is the minimum size that must be used for a home with three bedrooms or less. If six people reside in a three-bedroom house, the tank should be pumped every 1.

3 years. If the same system serves a family of two, the tank would be ready for pumping every 5.2 years. Systems installed before the current rules and regulations were implemented may need to be pumped more often, perhaps every year or less. Garbage disposers will increase the frequency of pumping. For example, if this same three bedroom house with six residents had a garbage disposal and was generally producing a higher volume of wastewater, the pumping frequency would be calculated as follows: 1.

3 years - [(0.2) x 1.3 years] = 1.0 year. For more analysis of the effect of garbage disposers on septic systemssee Garbage Grinders or Garbage Disposes and Septic Tank Maintenance Typical Septic Tank Pumping Costs: A typical fee to pump a septic tank is $200. to $300 to pump a septic tank up to 1000g in size, provided that the tank pumping access port has been uncovered and is readily accessible.If the septic pumping contractor needs to find the septic tank and then excavate the septic tank pumping access opening, expect to pay an additional $350.

to $400. provided that no extraordinary measures are needed. Prices vary somewhat by region. A part of the fee you're paying your septic pumping contractor is the cost to dispose of the septage. For an explanation of the meaning of sewage levels in the septic tank and how that information informs septic tank pumping frequency,see SEPTIC TANK LEVELS of SEWAGE. Portions of this information were provided by the Penn State College of Agriculture - Cooperative Extension.

We have edited and added to the original septic tank pumping guideline material based on research and field experience testing, inspecting, and installing septic systems and based on study of other reference sources on septic system maintenance and design. Septic Tank Pumping Schedule for Part-Time Occupied Buildings Question: What Schedule should I use to Pump a Part-Time-Occupied Summer Home? 22 Sept 2015 Bill said: I have a camp with a 1250 gal.

tank. It is seasonal, only used in the summer. We have shower, toilet and sink that empties in the septic. What schedule should I use to pump? Reply: Divide the Septic Pumping Table Frequency by the Portion of Year of Building Occupancy Bill you can take any point in the septic pumping schedule table and then increase the length of the interval between septic tank pumpouts by making this reasonable-guess: 1.

Choose the number of building occupants to find the proper line in the pumping shcedule. Also choose the table entry for the size of your septic tank in gallons. 2. Choose the number of months during a year that the building is occupied 3. Calculate the new pumping schedule by dividing the number in the table on this page by the fraction of the year that the building is occupied. Example: Household size = 4 peopleSeptic Tank size = 1250 gallonsTable pumping frequency: every 3.

4 years (Keep in mind it would be ridiculous to think that we can know precisely the conditions in an individual septic tank - these are general guidelines) 3.4 x 12 = 40 months between tank pumpings Months your Camp is occupied = 4 Months in a year = 12 Portion of the year your camp is occupied = 6/12 = .5 or 50% Pumpout Schedule from Table / Portion of Year Occupied = 40 months / .5 = 80 months between pumpouts.

Watch out: before launching into an extended we-don't-have-to-pump-the-septic-tank-because-InspectApedia-said-so interval, it would be smart to have your septic tank pumped and its condition inspected so that you are starting from a known condition. Whenever you open and clean a septic tank the following can give a more accurate idea of the actual septic tank pumping frequency needed at a specific building: The size of the septic tank The level or thickness of scum and sludge layers in the septic tank The time since the septic tank was last pumped The level of usage of the building since the septic tank was last pumped Indications of septic system problems found when the tank was inspected and pumped See SEPTIC TANK OBJECTIVE DATA for details Watch out: for any building that sees occasional surges of heavy septic tank use, simply pumping the tank based on average occupancy over the year can get you into trouble.

The big surge of sewage and wastewater can overwhelm the septic system's ability to cope, particularly you may flood the drainfield or push solids into the soakbed, drainfield, or seepage bed. You might head off trouble by pumping the septic tank out completely just before the surge of visitors. A sewage backup into the buiding or out onto the ground during a wedding can be a nasty touch to an othewise lovely event.

See SEPTIC TANK PUMPING REASONSwhere we describe pumping the septic tank before a par;ty. Also see SEPTIC TANK PUMPING MISTAKES Pumping Schedule for Sewage Holding Tanks Onsite sewage disposal system holding tanks, where there is no septic field, will need to be pumped more frequently based simply on the rate and volume of septic waste inflow. A smart design for sewage or septic holding tanks is the inclusion of a septic tank alarm system that will tell when the tank needs to be pumped.

Set the alarm float to sound the alarm early enough that you can continue to use the plumbing system while waiting for your septic pumping contractor to arrive. See SEPTIC PUMP ALARM SYSTEMS A periodic inspection of the septic holding tank levels is an alternative but not one that most people actually manage to follow with enough care to avoid trouble. Electronic Monitors for Septic Tank Scum & Sludge Levels Give Septic Tank Cleanout Frequency Below at References we also describe an electronic septic tank monitor or grease trap monitor from Worldstone.

These devices can track sludge, scum, or grease levels in order to best schedule septic tank pumping or grease trap cleaning. This product is suitable for commercial installations and possibly for some residential septic tank systems. According to the company, "Data from monitors can help establish appropriate service intervals, and document maintenance for regulatory compliance. Alarm features can help detect abnormal conditions and prevent costly backups.

"The company also produces an oil tank level monitor. Thanks to reader Robert Shirley for this tip. OPINION - DF: this product is a great idea for commercial installations or problem septic installations. Substituting actual septic tank scum layer thickness or scum level thickness data for the septic tank pumping schedule table above may allow the tank to be opened and pumped less often - saving some money.

Watch out: But don't forget that regular opening and inspection of the septic tank, such as happens when the septic tank is to be pumped out or "cleaned", gives an additional opportunity to check for other septic system problems that could be leading to a costly failure, but that don't directly concern the septic tank sludge or scum layer thickness. Examples include the discovery of lost or damaged septic tank baffles, septic tanks leaks that allow ground water to flood the septic system, or septic tank leaks out of the tank.

Alternative Septic Tank Pumping Frequency Guidelines: the University of Minnesota Septic Tank Inspection Frequency Point System The University of Minnesota has published "Septic Tank Pumping Frequency Guidelines" that take a different approach than the cookbook table of septic tank sizes and number of building occupants shown in our table above. But the document does not really tell the homeowner when to pump the septic tank.

Instead it calls for essentially very frequent septic tank "inspections" to decide if pumping is needed, without, regrettably, explaining what that inspection would entail nor how that inspection would decide that the septic tank needs to be cleaned. Watch out: In sum, we cannot recommend this chart's use as the best or sole option for deciding when to pump out a septic tank, nor does the chart actually answer that question, as we explain below.

However it would indeed be a "safe" approach to inspect the septic tank conditions at every one, two, or three years, which is the actual end result of this misnamed worksheet. Septic Tank Pumping Frequency vs Septic Inspection Frequency - clarified Instead of taking the widely-used septic tank size and number of bedrooms table approach, U.Minn. experts have provided a table or questionnaire that when answered, gives a septic tank inspection frequency in years.

The appeal of this approach is that it allows a homeowner to take into consideration factors that would either increase or decrease the interval for septic tank inspection based on factors that increase or decrease the septic failure risks posed by the home and its usage. Unfortunately factors enumerated in the point-counting approach have some troubles of their own, as we explain below. The added cost of annual to tri annual septic tank inspections might be weighed against the safety, fine-tuning, and "actual septic tank data" approach to septic tank inspection frequency we describe below, or the simple and easy to use septic tank pumping frequency table we provided above.

Watch out: the septic tank worksheet does list some interesting septic tank risk factors, as we elaborate below. However, overall the worksheet we reviewed underweights the septic tank failure risk of some factors and overweights or confuses others, and it does not directly address the risk of drainfield damage caused by flushing high volumes of wastewater (laundry, water softener) through the septic tank.

But the chart doesn't do that anyway. Although the chart's title is "Septic Tank Pumping Frequency Guidelines" it does not provide that information. Instead, if you complete all of the work and analysis in this chart, you end up at one of three frequencies at which you should inspect the septic tank condition to determine if it needs to be cleaned: Septic System Failure Risk Level Factors Septic Worksheet Risk "score"   0-8 = Low Risk 2-3 year septic tank inspections: Evaluate the septic tank conditions every 2-3 years to see if cleaning is needed.

In MN some municipalities require septic pumping or inspection every 3 years. Requirements vary in other U.S. States & Canadian Provinces as well as of course municipalities in other countries. 8 - 18 = Medium Risk 1.5 - 2.5 year septic tank inspections: Evaluate the septic tank conditions every 1 1/2 - 2 1/2 years to see if cleaning is needed 19-26 = High Risk Annual septic tank inspections: Evaluate the septic tank every year to see if cleaning is needed Adapted from the U.

Minnesota septic tank pumping frequency worksheet cited below at reference [5] [5] "University of Minnesota Septic Tank Pumping Frequency Guidelines", University of Minnesota, 2009 for extra copies of the original chart call (800) 322-8642, retrieved 1/15/2010, original source: http://septic.umn.edu/prod/groups/cfans/@pub/@cfans/@ostp/documents/asset/cfans_asset_126408.pdf [copy on file as U_Minn_Septic_Pumping_Chart.

pdf] U.Minn assigns a numeric value such as 0, 1, or 2 or for some items 0-4 as the septic system load is likely to be increased. The homeowner adds up various risk number totals to reach a "risk score" that puts their system into one of three categories of septic tank "evaluation" frequency. "Evaluation of the septic tank " here means determine if it needs to be cleaned. Evaluate the Septic Tank ? Really? What the heck does "Evaluate the Septic Tank" mean? This question is not addressed in the UM worksheet.

Without septic tank inspection points, pass/fail criteria, or trouble signs for which the "evaluator" is to be alert, we just don't know what to make of this advice and we certainly can't expect any consistency in the results. However we answer this question in excruciating detail beginning at SEPTIC TANK INSPECTION PROCEDURE where we list many things that should be evaluated to avoid septic system failures or worse, unsafe conditions; or you can "cut to the chase" as mom says, and have your septic contractor open the septic tank and MEASURE SCUM & SLUDGE, to know objectively if the tank needs pumping.

Watch out: "Evaluation of septic tank condition" is not well defined. Experts generally agree that there are a number of inspection points including the septic tank sludge and scum layer thickness that determine that septic tank pumping is needed (or not) but that there are other inspection points that are very important such as evidence of backup, damaged baffles, tank flooding or septic tank leaks, and of course septic tank safety: safe covers, no signs of collapse risk, etc.

Some Factors that Should Increase the Septic Tank Pumping Frequency Use of a garbage disposer or food waste grinder increases septic tank pumpout frequency - we agree, but not all experts do. See GARBAGE DISPOSAL vs SEPTICS for details. Use of a sewage ejector pump connected to the septic system may increase septic tank pumpout frequency by adding macerated sewage that increases the risk of pushing floating solids into the drainfield.

See SEWAGE EJECTOR / GRINDER PUMPS Use of a water softener or water conditioner such as an iron filter whose regeneration cycle water empties into the septic tank may increase the tank pumping frequency, though this is arguable in our opinion. Issues are excessive salt dosage that is going to reduce septic tank bacterial action but worse may seriously damage a drainfield; also the water volume itself can flood a marginal drainfield.

See REDUCE IMPACT of SOFTENER on SEPTIC and also our discussion of the effectsof SALT OR WATER INTO SEPTIC Frequency of use of laundry facilities; similar questions and arguable facts as with water conditioners. However installing a septic filter to keep fabric filters out of a septic tank or drywell can give significant benefit as can avoiding excessive volumes of powdered detergents. And as with water conditioners, the effect of water volume on the drainfield may be more immediate and serious than the effects of laundry water on the septic tank.

The U.Minn. table adjusts the laundry impact on septic tanks and septic tank risk levels downwards if you use a water-conserving top loading washer or a front-loading washing machine [presumably they mean that either unit should be water-conserving] have installed low flow shower heads have installed low water usage toilets repair [water supply system] leaks [such as drippy faucets and running toilets] quickly use mild cleaning products & detergents and limit use of anti-bacterial products - in our opinion arguable as the level of antibacterial effect of at least some popular brand dish soaps has been estimated as trivial; I would have instead increased the risk level for constant or frequent use of antibiotics by occupants of the building, as nursing homes, for example suffer septic tank bacterial action reduction from that cause An in-home business that increases water usage (daycare, taxidermy, hair salon) increases septic tank damage risk - same arguments as we suggested above should lead one to be concerned about the drainfield when added waste water volume rather than added solids are present; some home businesses (photography or taxidermy) include use of chemicals that should not be flushed into a septic system.

See TOILETS, DON'T FLUSH LIST. Having 3 or more overnight guests at a time or large groups visiting the home add septic tank risk; the table and approach does a poor job of distinguishing between 3 overnight guests once a year and regular extra sleepover guests; similarly, occupancies that place more than the usually-assumed 2 occupants per bedroom should cause a septic tank pumpout frequency increase Septic tank size vs number of bedrooms: here we are in full agreement about the impact of high number of bedrooms and small septic tank sizes, but adding risk points for "don't know" is a bit vague.

Time since last time the septic tank was cleaned affects the risk level - we agree completely. The worksheet adds one risk point if it's been 3-5 years since last septic tank cleanout and 2 risk points if it's been more than 5 years. In our OPINION this is a ridiculously weak weight placed on this critical factor.We regularly hear from people who have lived in a home for fifteen or twenty years and don't recall ever pumping out their septic tank, nor where the tank is located, nor what size it is.

Those are likely to be much higher risk situations than a 1500-gallon tank at a home with two people that was last pumped out six years ago. If you don't know where the septic tank is located,see SEPTIC TANK, HOW TO FIND. At TANK INSPECTION PROCEDURE we describe how to inspect the septic tank before, during, and after tank cleaning operations. Key Septic Tank Pumping Articles ... Continue reading at SEPTIC TANK PUMPING SCHEDULE FAQs or select a topic from closely-related articles below, or see our complete INDEX to RELATED ARTICLES below.

Or see SEPTIC TANK PUMPING MISTAKES Suggested citation for this web page SEPTIC TANK PUMPING SCHEDULE at InspectApedia.com - online encyclopedia of building & environmental inspection, testing, diagnosis, repair, & problem prevention advice. INDEX to RELATED ARTICLES: ARTICLE INDEX to SEPTIC TANKS Or use the SEARCH BOX found below to Ask a Question or Search InspectApedia Share this article .

.. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Click to Show or Hide FAQs Try the search box below or CONTACT US by email if you cannot find the answer you need at InspectApedia. Please see septic tank pumping schedule questions & answers that were posted here and are now found at SEPTIC TANK PUMPING SCHEDULE FAQs ... Ask a Question or Search InspectApedia Questions & answers or comments about how often does a septic tank need to be pumped or cleaned? Use the "Click to Show or Hide FAQs" link just above to see recently-posted questions, comments, replies, try the search box just below, or if you prefer, post a question or comment in the Comments box below and we will respond promptly.

Search the InspectApedia website Technical Reviewers & References Click to Show or Hide Citations & References New York State Department of Health, "Appendix 75-A Wastewater Treatment Standards - Individual Household Systems", [PDF] New York State Department of Health, 3 February 2010, retrieved 3/1/2010, original source: https://www.health.ny.gov/regulations/nycrr/title_10/part_75/appendix_75-a.

htm [1] "Estimated Septic Tank Pumping Frequency," Karen Mancl, 1984. Journal of Environmental Engineering. Volume 110. [2] "The Soil as a Treatment System." Tyler, E. T., R. Laak, E. McCoy, and S. S. Sandhu, Home Sewage Treatment. ASAE publication 5-77, 1977. [3] Thanks to reader Robert Shirley, Calgary, for discussing alternative ways to measure septic tank sludge, including the relatively low cost electronic system on the market from Worldstone Inc.

(SepticWatch) - a system to monitor sludge and scum and grease levels in grease traps or septic tanks - 04/20/2010 [4] Worldstone, http://www.worldstoneinc.com/ electronic monitors, including via internet, for grease traps, septic tanks, oil tanks - manufactured by F.O.G. Solutions, 1348 Delta Drive, Saginaw, MI 48638, 866 279-2824, 989-928-1806, Fax 480-247-4983"Worldstone Inc. is a Braintree Massachusetts based company that specializes in separation tank monitoring.

Using established ultrasonic technologies, Worldstone’s GREASEwatch, SEPTICwatch and OILwatch monitors capture critical tank information and transfers data to city officials, end users or service providers creating a safer, cost effective solution to manual inspections. Data from monitors can help establish appropriate service intervals, and document maintenance for regulatory compliance. Alarm features can help detect abnormal conditions and prevent costly backups.

Worldstone monitors are currently assisting over 200 major restaurants, hospitals, prisons, casinos and city officials across the United States."Septic Tank Monitoring:"The SEPTICwatch monitor provides continuous monitoring of the sludge, scum, temperature and liquid levels [in a septic tank]. ... real-time information on actual changes as a percentage of permissible floating solids, bottom solids and total solids.

It also provides the immediate status of the liquid level within the tank in inches. Using the monitor's programmable Control Unit, the tank's optimum level for pumping is set, so the tank can be pumped when it's actually needed. The [septic tank] monitor's Control Unit can also be programmed to warn of dangerously high solid levels and lower than normal/higher than normal liquid levels - emergency conditions that could indicate system failure.

"Grease Trap Monitoring:"...GREASEwatch monitor uses ultrasonic transducers and an embedded microprocessor to continuously monitor the sludge, scum, liquid levels and temperature in your grease trap. ... get real-time information on incremental changes in the levels of floating solids, bottom solids and total solids at the touch of a button. ... the immediate status of the liquid level in the trap in inches.

The Control Unit can be programmed to indicate how full the tank should be before pumping, so there's no more guessing when it's time for service. The GREASEwatch monitor lets you plan a pumping level that meets your needs and protects your investment." [5] "University of Minnesota Septic Tank Pumping Frequency Guidelines", University of Minnesota, 2009 for extra copies of the original chart call (800) 322-8642, retrieved 1/15/2010, original source: http://septic.

umn.edu/prod/groups/cfans/@pub/@cfans/@ostp/documents/asset/cfans_asset_126408.pdf [copy on file as U_Minn_Septic_Pumping_Chart.pdf] US EPA Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems Manual [online copy, free] Top Reference: US EPA's Design Manual for Onsite Wastewater Treatment and Disposal, 1980, available from the US EPA, the US GPO Superintendent of Documents (Pueblo CO), and from the National Small Flows Clearinghouse.

Original source http://www.epa.gov/ORD/NRMRL/Pubs/625R00008/625R00008.htm Onsite wastewater treatment and disposal systems, Richard J Otis, published by the US EPA. Although it's more than 20 years old, this book remains a useful reference for septic system designers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water Program Operations; Office of Research and Development, Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory; (1980) "International Private Sewage Disposal Code," 1995, BOCA-708-799-2300, ICBO-310-699-0541, SBCCI 205-591-1853, available from those code associations.

"Manual of Policy, Procedures, and Guidelines for Onsite Sewage Systems," Ontario Reg. 374/81, Part VII of the Environmental Protection Act (Canada), ISBN 0-7743-7303-2, Ministry of the Environment,135 St. Clair Ave. West, Toronto Ontario M4V 1P5 Canada $24. CDN. Manual of Septic Tank Practice, US Public Health Service's 1959. US EPA Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems Manual [online copy, free] Top Reference: US EPA's Design Manual for Onsite Wastewater Treatment and Disposal, 1980, available from the US EPA, the US GPO Superintendent of Documents (Pueblo CO), and from the National Small Flows Clearinghouse.

Original source http://www.epa.gov/ORD/NRMRL/Pubs/625R00008/625R00008.htm Onsite wastewater treatment and disposal systems, Richard J Otis, published by the US EPA. Although it's more than 20 years old, this book remains a useful reference for septic system designers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water Program Operations; Office of Research and Development, Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory; (1980) Eco John® Innovative Toilet Solutions, Global Inventive Industries, Fountain Valley CA, PDF, product brochure "International Private Sewage Disposal Code," 1995, BOCA-708-799-2300, ICBO-310-699-0541, SBCCI 205-591-1853, available from those code associations.

"Manual of Policy, Procedures, and Guidelines for Onsite Sewage Systems," Ontario Reg. 374/81, Part VII of the Environmental Protection Act (Canada), ISBN 0-7743-7303-2, Ministry of the Environment,135 St. Clair Ave. West, Toronto Ontario M4V 1P5 Canada $24. CDN. Manual of Septic Tank Practice, US Public Health Service's 1959. Books & Articles on Building & Environmental Inspection, Testing, Diagnosis, & Repair Our recommended books about building & mechanical systems design, inspection, problem diagnosis, and repair, and about indoor environment and IAQ testing, diagnosis, and cleanup are at the InspectAPedia Bookstore.

Also see our Book Reviews - InspectAPedia. Inspecting Septic Systems: Online Book, Inspection, Test, Diagnosis, Repair, & Maintenance: our Online Septic Book: Septic Testing, Loading & Dye Tests, Septic Tank Pumping, Clearances, details of onsite waste disposal system inspection, testing, repair procedures. Advanced Onsite Wastewater Systems Technologies, Anish R. Jantrania, Mark A. Gross.

Anish Jantrania, Ph.D., P.E., M.B.A., is a Consulting Engineer, in Mechanicsville VA, 804-550-0389 (2006). Outstanding technical reference especially on alternative septic system design alternatives. Written for designers and engineers, this book is not at all easy going for homeowners but is a text I recommend for professionals--DF. Builder's Guide to Wells and Septic Systems, Woodson, R. Dodge: $ 24.

95; MCGRAW HILL B; TP; Quoting from Amazon's description: For the homebuilder, one mistake in estimating or installing wells and septic systems can cost thousands of dollars. This comprehensive guide filled with case studies can prevent that. Master plumber R. Dodge Woodson packs this reader-friendly guide with guidance and information, including details on new techniques and materials that can economize and expedite jobs and advice on how to avoid mistakes in both estimating and construction.

Chapters cover virtually every aspect of wells and septic systems, including on-site evaluations; site limitations; bidding; soil studies, septic designs, and code-related issues; drilled and dug wells, gravel and pipe, chamber-type, and gravity septic systems; pump stations; common problems with well installation; and remedies for poor septic situations. Woodson also discusses ways to increase profits by avoiding cost overruns.

Country Plumbing: Living with a Septic System, Hartigan, Gerry: $ 9.95; ALAN C HOOD & TP; Quoting an Amazon reviewer's comment, with which we agree--DF:This book is informative as far as it goes and might be most useful for someone with an older system. But it was written in the early 1980s. A lot has changed since then. In particular, the book doesn't cover any of the newer systems that are used more and more nowadays in some parts of the country -- sand mounds, aeration systems, lagoons, etc.

Onsite Wastewater Disposal, R. J. Perkins; Quoting from Amazon: This practical book, co-published with the National Environmental Health Association, describes the step-by-step procedures needed to avoid common pitfalls in septic system technology. Valuable in matching the septic system to the site-specific conditions, this useful book will help you install a reliable system in both suitable and difficult environments.

Septic tank installers, planners, state and local regulators, civil and sanitary engineers, consulting engineers, architects, homeowners, academics, and land developers will find this publication valuable. Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems, Bennette D. Burks, Mary Margaret Minnis, Hogarth House 1994 - one of the best septic system books around, suffering a bit from small fonts and a weak index. (DF volunteers to serve as indexer if Burks/Minnis re-publish this very useful volume.

)While it contains some material more technical than needed by homeowners, Burks/Minnis book on onsite wastewater treatment systems a very useful reference for both property owners and septic system designers. We refer to it often. While Minnis says the best place to buy this book is at Amazon (our link at left), you can also see this book at Minnis' website at http://web page .pace.edu/MMinnisbook Septic Tank/Soil-Absorption Systems: How to Operate & Maintain [ copy on file as /septic/Septic_Operation_USDA.

pdf ] - , Equipment Tips, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 8271 1302, 7100 Engineering, 2300 Recreation, September 1982, web search 08/28/2010, original source: http://www.fs.fed.us/t-d/pubs/pdfimage/82711302.pdf SEPTIC SOIL & PERC TESTS soil perc testing guide and instructions Percolation Testing Manual, CNMI Division of Environmental Quality, PO Box 501304, Saipan, MP 96950 Planting Over Septic System Component", Daniel Friedman (author/editor, InspectAPedia.

com), The Innovator, Winter/Spring 2008, BCOSSA, British Columbia OnSite Sewage Association, 201-3542 Blansard St., Victoria BC V8X 1W3 Canada Save the Septic System - Do Not Flush These Items Down the Toilet, Daniel Friedman, InspectAPedia.com - PDF document, printable SEPTIC STANDARDS SEPTIC MAGAZINES Septic System Owner's Manual, Lloyd Kahn, Blair Allen, Julie Jones, Shelter Publications, 2000 $14.

95 U.S. - easy to understand, well illustrated, one of the best practical references around on septic design basics including some advanced systems; a little short on safety and maintenance. Both new and used (low priced copies are available, and we think the authors are working on an updated edition--DF. Quoting from one of several Amazon reviews: The basics of septic systems, from underground systems and failures to what the owner can do to promote and maintain a healthy system, is revealed in an excellent guide essential for any who reside on a septic system.

Rural residents receive a primer on not only the basics; but how to conduct period inspections and what to do when things go wrong. History also figures into the fine coverage. Test Pit Preparation for Onsite Sewage Evaluations, State of Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, Portland OR, 800 452-4011. PDF document. We recommend this excellent document that offers detail about soil perc tests, deep hole tests, safety, and septic design.

Readers should also see SEPTIC SOIL & PERC TESTS and for testing an existing septic system, also see Dye Tests Grass is Always Greener Over the Septic Tank, Bombeck, Erma: $ 5.99; FAWCETT; MM; This septic system classic whose title helps avoid intimidating readers new to septic systems, is available new or used at very low prices. It's more entertainment than a serious "how to" book on septic systems design, maintenance, or repair.

Not recommended -- DF. US EPA Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems Manual Top Reference: US EPA's Design Manual for Onsite Wastewater Treatment and Disposal, 1980, available from the US EPA, the US GPO Superintendent of Documents (Pueblo CO), and from the National Small Flows Clearinghouse. Original source http://www.epa.gov/ORD/NRMRL/Pubs/625R00008/625R00008.htm Water Wells and Septic Systems Handbook, R.

Dodge Woodson. This book is in the upper price range, but is worth the cost for serious septic installers and designers. Quoting Amazon: Each year, thousands upon thousands of Americans install water wells and septic systems on their properties. But with a maze of codes governing their use along with a host of design requirements that ensure their functionality where can someone turn for comprehensive, one-stop guidance? Enter the Water Wells and Septic Systems Handbook from McGraw-Hill.

Written in language any property owner can understand yet detailed enough for professionals and technical students this easy-to-use volume delivers the latest techniques and code requirements for designing, building, rehabilitating, and maintaining private water wells and septic systems. Bolstered by a wealth of informative charts, tables, and illustrations, this book delivers:* Current construction, maintenance, and repair methods* New International Private Sewage Disposal Code* Up-to-date standards from the American Water Works Association Wells and Septic Systems, Alth, Max and Charlet, Rev.

by S. Blackwell Duncan, $ 18.95; Tab Books 1992. We have found this text very useful for conventional well and septic systems design and maintenance --DF. Quoting an Amazon description:Here's all the information you need to build a well or septic system yourself - and save a lot of time, money, and frustration. S. Blackwell Duncan has thoroughly revised and updated this second edition of Wells and Septic Systems to conform to current codes and requirements.

He also has expanded this national bestseller to include new material on well and septic installation, water storage and distribution, water treatment, ecological considerations, and septic systems for problem building sites. The NSFC Products List has an excellent list of design manuals/modules available from their website or by telephone 800-624-8301 Submissions welcome. send us a suggested document link or request an exchange of website links .

.. Carson, Dunlop & Associates Ltd., 120 Carlton Street Suite 407, Toronto ON M5A 4K2. Tel: (416) 964-9415 1-800-268-7070 Email: info@carsondunlop.com. The firm provides professional home inspection services & home inspection education & publications. Alan Carson is a past president of ASHI, the American Society of Home Inspectors. Thanks to Alan Carson and Bob Dunlop, for permission for InspectAPedia to use text excerpts from The Home Reference Book & illustrations from The Illustrated Home.

Carson Dunlop Associates' provides extensive home inspection education and report writing material. The Illustrated Home illustrates construction details and building components, a reference for owners & inspectors.Special Offer: For a 5% discount on any number of copies of the Illustrated Home purchased as a single order Enter INSPECTAILL in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space. TECHNICAL REFERENCE GUIDE to manufacturer's model and serial number information for heating and cooling equipment, useful for determining the age of heating boilers, furnaces, water heaters is provided by Carson Dunlop, Associates, Toronto - Carson Dunlop Weldon & AssociatesSpecial Offer: Carson Dunlop Associates offers InspectAPedia readers in the U.

S.A. a 5% discount on any number of copies of the Technical Reference Guide purchased as a single order. Just enter INSPECTATRG in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space. The Home Reference Book - the Encyclopedia of Homes, Carson Dunlop & Associates, Toronto, Ontario, 25th Ed., 2012, is a bound volume of more than 450 illustrated pages that assist home inspectors and home owners in the inspection and detection of problems on buildings.

The text is intended as a reference guide to help building owners operate and maintain their home effectively. Field inspection worksheets are included at the back of the volume. Special Offer: For a 10% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference Book purchased as a single order. Enter INSPECTAHRB in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space. InspectAPedia.com editor Daniel Friedman is a contributing author.

Or choose the The Home Reference eBook for PCs, Macs, Kindle, iPad, iPhone, or Android Smart Phones. Special Offer: For a 5% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference eBook purchased as a single order. Enter INSPECTAEHRB in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space.      Building inspection education & report writing systems from Carson, Dunlop & Associates Ltd Commercial Building Inspection Courses - protocol ASTM Standard E 2018-08 for Property Condition Assessments Home Inspection Education Courses including home study & live classes at eleven colleges & universities.

Home Inspection Education Home Study Courses - ASHI@Home Training 10-course program.Special Offer: Carson Dunlop Associates offers InspectAPedia readers in the U.S.A. a 5% discount on these courses: Enter INSPECTAHITP in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space. InspectAPedia.com editor Daniel Friedman is a contributing author. The Horizon Software System manages business operations,scheduling, & inspection report writing using Carson Dunlop's knowledge base & color images.

The Horizon system runs on always-available cloud-based software for office computers, laptops, tablets, iPad, Android, & other smartphones Publisher's Google+ Page by Daniel Friedman

Hazel Gordon

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